Inovação e colaboração on-line na criação de software livre

Conteúdo do artigo principal

Nelson da Cruz Monteiro Fernandes
Fernando Gomes de Paiva Jr.
Osiris Luis da Cunha Fernandes
Marconi Freitas da Costa

Resumo

Os avanços das tecnologias de informação propiciaram a inovação centrada no utilizador de artefatos advindos da cultura cibernética. Esse advento do capitalismo provoca a emergência de abordagens que contemplam a produção coletiva e imaterial vigente em comunidades de softwares de código aberto. A partir de uma perspectiva pós-estruturalista, foram analisadas seis entrevistas, dois vídeos e uma lista de discussão on-line para apreciação do processo de construção do discurso hegemônico a partir das lógicas de equivalência, diferença e fantasia. Constatou-se que os discursos dos desenvolvedores simbolizam uma presença ainda por vir, com as demandas particulares diluídas numa cadeia equivalencial que abarca o maior número de reivindicações, e que existe um esforço para a criação de um processo incessante de geração de valor ao ultrapassarem as fronteiras da comunidade, articulando continuamente stakeholders para acessar recursos e gerar soluções conjuntas no processo de inovação.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

 

 

 

 

Detalhes do artigo

Como Citar
MONTEIRO FERNANDES, N. da C. .; GOMES DE PAIVA JR., F.; DA CUNHA FERNANDES, O. L. .; FREITAS DA COSTA, M. Inovação e colaboração on-line na criação de software livre . RAE-Revista de Administração de Empresas, [S. l.], v. 62, n. 3, p. 1–21, 2022. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-759020220304. Disponível em: https://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/ojs/index.php/rae/article/view/85582. Acesso em: 28 maio. 2022.
Seção
Artigos

Referências

Alvesson, M., & Skoldberg, K. (2000). Reflexive methodology: New vistas for qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, USA: Sage Publications.

Batabyal, A. A., & Beladi, H. (2019). The optimal provision of information and communication technologies in smart cities. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 147, 216-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2019.07.013

Becker, G. (1962). Irrational behavior and economic theory. Journal of Political Economy, 70.

Benkler, Y. (2006). The wealth of networks: How social production transforms markets and freedom. New Haven, USA: Yale University Press.

Betzing, J. H., Kurtz, M., & Becker, J. (2020). Customer participation in virtual communities for local high streets. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 54, 102025. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jretconser.2019.102025

Bretas, W. V., Morais, A. S. C., da Hora, H. R. M., & Azevedo Filho, E. T. (2019). Knowledge extraction on international markets from patent bases: A study on green patents. Brazilian Journal of Operations & Production Management, 16(4), 698-705. doi: 10.14488/BJOPM.2019.v16.n4.a14

Brown, J. S., & Duguid, P. (1991). Organizational learning and communities-of-practice: Toward a unified view of working, learning, and innovation. Organization Science, 2(1), 40-57. doi: https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.2.1.40

Cardoso, A., Boudreau, M. C., & Carvalho, J. A. (2019). Organizing collective action: Does information and communication technology matter? Information and Organization, 29(3), 100256. doi: 10.1016/j.infoandorg.2019.100256

Castells, M. (2010). A sociedade em rede – A Era da Informação: Economia, Sociedade e Cultura (11a ed.). Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Paz e Terra.

Chan, K. W., & Li, S. Y. (2010). Understanding consumer-to-consumer interactions in virtual communities: The salience of reciprocity. Journal of Business Research, 63(9-10), 1033-1040. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2008.08.009

Chesbrough, H. W. (2003). The era of open innovation. MIT Sloan Management, 44(3), 35-41. Recuperado de https://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/the-era-of-open-innovation

Chesbrough, H. W., & Henry, W. (2006). Open business model: How to thrive in the new innovation landscape. Boston, USA: Harvard Business School Press.

Cocco, G., Galvão, A. P., & Silva, G. (2003). Capitalismo cognitivo: Trabalho, redes e inovação. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: DP&A.

Cornelio, G. S., & Cruz, E. G. (2014). Co-creation and participation as a means of innovation in new media: an analysis of creativity in the photographic field. International Journal of Communication, 8, 1-20. Recuperado de http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/85737

Deligiaouri, A. (2019). Economic crisis and Greek crisis discourse: A discourse analysis of articles from The Economist referring to Greece (2009–2011). Journal of Language and Politics, 18(2), 231-251. doi: https://doi.org/10.1075/jlp.17056.del

Dong, J. Q., Wu, W., & Zhang, Y. (2019). The faster the better? Innovation speed and user interest in open source software. Information & Management, 56(5), 669-680. doi: 10.1016/j.im.2018.11.002

Eboli, L., & Dib, L. (2013). Criação coletiva na web 2.0: Um estudo de caso em uma empresa brasileira de crowdsourcing/Collective creation on the web 2.0: A crowdsourcing case study involving a brazilian company. Revista Electrônica de Sistemas de Informação, 12(3), 1-22. doi:10.5329/RESI.2013.1203001

Fernandes. N. C. M., & Silva, A. D. F. (2015, outubro). O discurso da inovação entre os empresários no desenvolvimento de produtos inovadores: Uma análise no setor de jogos eletrônicos do estado de Pernambuco. XVI Congresso Latino-Iberoamericano de Gestão Tecnológica (ALTEC), Porto Alegre, RS.

Fernandes, O. L. C., Fernandes, N. C. M., Paiva, F. G., Jr., Leão, A. M. S., & Costa, M. F. (2020). Symbolic consumption and representation of self: A study of interactions in a virtual community of Ubuntu-Br users. Cadernos EBAPE.BR, 17, 717-731. doi: org/10.1590/1679-395174446x

Fernandes, O. L. C., Fernandes, N. C. M., Paiva, F. G., Jr., & Melo, S. C. B. (2014). Um negócio da China: O discurso do guānxì nas articulações no âmbito organizacional. Cadernos EBAPE.BR, 12(2), 253-269. doi: 10.1590/1679-395174446x

Friedman, M. (1953) The methodology of positive economics. In: M. Friedman, Essays in positive economics. Chicago, USA: University of Chicago Press.

Glynos, J. (2008). Ideological fantasy at work. Journal of Political Ideologies, 13(3), 275-296. Recuperado de http://repository.essex.ac.uk/13270/1/paper230708.pdf

Gorz, A. (2005). O imaterial: Conhecimento, valor e capital. São Paulo, SP: Annablume.

Heikkinen, I. T. S., Savina, H., Partanen, J., Seppälä, J., & Pearce, J. M. (2020). Towards national policy for open source hardware research: The case of Finland. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 155. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2020.119986

Hemetsberger, A., & Reinhardt, C. (2009). Collective development in open-source communities: An activity theoretical perspective on successful online collaboration. Organization Studies, 30(9), 987-1008. doi:10.1177/0170840609339241

Howard, D., & Torfing, J. (2005). Discourse theory in European politics: Identity, policy and governance. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Huizingh, E. K. R. E. (2011). Open innovation: State of the art and future perspectives. Technovation, 31(1), 2-9. doi:10.1016/j.technovation.2010.10.002

Iannacci, F. (2005). The social epistemology of open source software development: The Linux case study (Tese de Doutorado, University of London, UK).

Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence culture: Where old and new media collide. New York, USA: New York University Press.

Jeppesen, L. B., & Frederiksen, L. (2006). Why do users contribute to firm-hosted user communities? The case of computer-controlled music instruments. Organization Science, 17(1), 45-63. Doi; doi: 10.1287/orsc.1050.0156

Karakilic, E. (2019). Rethinking intellectual property rights in the cognitive and digital age of capitalism: An autonomist Marxist reading. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 147, 1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2019.06.007

Laclau, E., & Mouffe, C. (2001). Hegemony and socialist strategy: Towards a radical democratic politics (2nd ed.). New York, USA: Verso.

Laclau, E. On populist reason. New York: Verso. 2005.

Lee, G. K., & Cole, R. E. (2003). From a firm-based to a community-based model of knowledge creation: The case of the Linux kernel development. Organization Science, 14(6), 633-649. doi: 10.1287/orsc.14.6.633.24866

Lee, W. S., & Sohn, S. Y. (2018). Effects of standardization on the evolution of information and communications technology. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 132, 308-317. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2018.02.016

Lessig, L. (2004). Free culture: How big media uses technology and the law to lock down culture and control creativity. Penguin Press.

Lima, C. M., & Santini, R. M. (2008). Copyleft e licenças criativas de uso de informação na sociedade da informação. Ciência da Informação, 37(1), 121-128. Recuperado de https://ridi.ibict.br/bitstream/123456789/240/1/LIMACI2008.pdf

Liu, C. H. (2017). Creating competitive advantage: Linking perspectives of organization learning, innovation behavior and intellectual capital. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 66, 13-23. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhm.2017.06.013

Loureiro, S. M. C., Romero, J., & Bilro, R. G. (2019). Stakeholder engagement in co-creation processes for innovation: A systematic literature review and case study. Journal of Business Research, 119, 388-409. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.09.038

Nath, H. K., & Liu, L. (2017). Information and communications technology (ICT) and services trade. Information Economics and Policy, 41, 81-87. doi: 10.1016/j.infoecopol.2017.06.003

Ortt, J. R., & Duin, P. A. (2008). The evolution of innovation management toward contextual innovation. European Journal of Innovation Management, 11(4), 522-538. doi 10.1108/14601060810911147

Possas, M. L. (2008). Economia evolucionária neo-schumpeteriana: Elementos para uma integração micro-macrodinâmica. Estudos Avançados, 22(63), 281-305. doi: 10.1590/S0103-40142008000200021

Ruoslahti, H. (2020). Complexity in project co-creation of knowledge for innovation. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 5(4), 228-235. doi: 10.1016/j.jik.2019.12.004

Shahrivar, S., Elahi, S., Hassanzadeh, A., & Montazer, G. (2018). A business model for commercial open source software: A systematic literature review. Information and Software Technology, 103, 202-214. doi: 10.1016/j.infsof.2018.06.018

Slappendel, C. (1996). Perspectives of innovation in organizations. Organization Studies, 17(1), 107-129. doi: 10.1177/017084069601700105

Stavrakakis, Y. (20045). Passions of identification: Discourse, identification. In D. Howard, & J. Torfing, Discourse theory in European politics: Identity, policy and governance. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Steiniger, S., Fuente, H. De La, Fuentes, C., Barton, J., & Muñoz, J. C. (2017). Building a geographic data repository for urban research with free software–learning from Observatorio. The International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 42, 147. doi:10.5194/isprs-archives-xlii-4-w2-147-2017

Taques, F. H., López, M. G., Basso, L. F., & Areal, N. (2020). Indicators used to measure service innovation and manufacturing innovation. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 6(1), 11-26. doi: 0.1016/j.jik.2019.12.001

Torfing, J. (1999). New theories of discourse: Laclau, Mouffe, and Zizek (Vol. 301). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Tseng, C. Y. (2009). Technological innovation and knowledge network in Asia: Evidence from comparison of information and communication technologies among six countries. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 76(5), 654-663. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2008.03.007

Tutusaus, M., Schwartz, K., & Smit, S. (2018). The ambiguity of innovation drivers: The adoption of information and communication technologies by public water utilities. Journal of Cleaner Production, 171, 79-85. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.08.002

Wang, P., & Li, F. (2019). China’s organization and governance of innovation: A policy foresight perspective. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 146, 304-319. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2019.05.029

Zhang, H., Gupta, S., Sun, W., & Zou, Y. (2020). How social-media-enabled co-creation between customers and the firm drives business value? The perspective of organizational learning and social capital. Information & Management, 57(3). doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2019.05.029