Colaboração externa da inovação aberta e desempenho financeiro das PMEs no Tamaulipas, México

Conteúdo do artigo principal

Erick Leobardo Alvarez-Aros
César Augusto Bernal-Torres
‪Yesenia Sánchez Tovar

Resumo

A inovação aberta é um paradigma colaborativo que melhora o desempenho dos negócios. No entanto, a maioria das investigações aborda empresas grandes e multinacionais com economias desenvolvidas.Este trabalho analisou a relação da colaboração externa da inovação aberta com o desempenho financeiro em pequenas e médias empresas em uma economia emergente. Para isso, foi aplicado um questionário a proprietários e gerentes de 145 empresas localizadas em Tamaulipas, no México. Os resultados processados ​​por meio de equações estruturais no SPSS e AMOS indicam a ausência de uma relação positiva e significativa entre a colaboração vertical da inovação aberta (clientes, usuários e fornecedores) e o desempenho financeiro. Em contraste, uma relação positiva e significativa foi encontrada entre a colaboração horizontal da inovação aberta (instituições educacionais, governo e concorrentes) com o desempenho financeiro, com elementos como o codesenvolvimento de produtos, insumos de conhecimento e ideias, aquisição de máquinas, equipamentos, softwares e suprimentos.

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ALVAREZ-AROS , E. L.; BERNAL-TORRES, C. A.; SÁNCHEZ TOVAR , ‪Yesenia. Colaboração externa da inovação aberta e desempenho financeiro das PMEs no Tamaulipas, México . RAE-Revista de Administração de Empresas, [S. l.], v. 62, n. 3, p. 1–21, 2022. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-759020220301. Disponível em: https://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/ojs/index.php/rae/article/view/85458. Acesso em: 28 maio. 2022.
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