Streamlining air import operations by trade facilitation measures


  • Yuri da Cunha Ferreira University of Campinas
  • Cristiano Morini University of Campinas (Unicamp)
  • Luis Antonio de Santa-Eulalia Université de Sherbrooke



Import operations, trade facilitation, discrete-event simulation, customs administration, global operations.


Global operations are subject to considerable uncertainties. Due to the Trade Facilitation Agreement that became effective in February 2017, the study of measures to streamline customs controls is urgent. This study aims to assess the impact of trade facilitation measures on import flows. An experimental study was performed in the largest cargo airport in South America through discrete-event simulation and design of experiments. Operation impacts of three trade facilitation measures are assessed on import flow by air. We shed light in the following trade facilitation measures: the use of X-ray equipment for physical inspection; increase of the number of qualified companies in the trade facilitation program; performance targets for customs officials. All trade facilitation measures used indicated potential to provide more predictability, cost savings, time reduction, and increase in security in international supply chain.

Author Biographies

Yuri da Cunha Ferreira, University of Campinas

Applied Sciences School

Cristiano Morini, University of Campinas (Unicamp)

Applied Sciences School

Luis Antonio de Santa-Eulalia, Université de Sherbrooke

École de gestion






04.International Operations Management