Evaluating the performance of degrees of freedom estimation in asymmetric GARCH models with t-student innovations
Keywords:Heavy tailed distributions, Bayesian inference, Ill behaved likelihoods.
This work investigates the effects of using the independent Jeffreys prior for the degrees of freedom parameter of a t-student model in the asymmetric generalised autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH) model. To capture asymmetry in the reaction to past shocks, smooth transition models are assumed for the variance. We adopt the fully Bayesian approach for inference, prediction and model selection We discuss problems related to the estimation of degrees of freedom in the Student-t model and propose a solution based on independent Jeffreys priors which correct problems in the likelihood function. A simulated study is presented to investigate how the estimation of model parameters in the t-student GARCH model are affected by small sample sizes, prior distributions and misspecification regarding the sampling distribution. An application to the Dow Jones stock market data illustrates the usefulness of the asymmetric GARCH model with t-student errors.