Robust management and pricing of liquefied natural gas contracts with cancelation options
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Liquefied Natural Gas contracts offer cancelation options that make their pricing difficult, especially if many gas storages need to be taken into account. We develop a valuation mechanism from the buyer's perspective, a large gas company whose main interest in these contracts is to provide to clients a reliable supply of gas. The approach combines valuation with hedging, taking into account that price-risk is driven by international markets, while volume-risk depends on local weather and is stage-wise dependent. The methodology is based on setting risk-averse stochastic mixed 0-1 programs, for different contract configurations. These difficult problems are solved with light computational effort, thanks to a robust rolling-horizon approach. The resulting pricing mechanism not only shows how a specific set of contracts will impact the company business, but also provides the manager with alternative contract configurations to counter-propose to the contract seller.