A estrutura hierárquica das variações de preços e o núcleo da inflação
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The approach proposed here explores the hierarchical nature of item-level data on price changes. On one hand, price data is naturally organized around a regional strucuture, with variations being observed on separate cities. Moreover, the itens that comprise the natural structure of CPIs are also normally interpreted in terms of groups that have economic interpretations, such as tradables and non-tradables, energyrelated, raw foodstuff, monitored prices, etc. The hierarchical dynamic factor model allow the estimation of multiple factors that are naturally interpreted as relating to each of these regional and economic levels.