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Conectando as Índias: o mundo hispano-asiático do Pacífico na História Global Moderna

Ryan Dominic Crewe

Resumo


Este artigo reconsidera o lugar da América Latina colonial na história global examinando as interações transpacíficas, os conflitos e os intercâmbios entre a América Latina e a Ásia nos séculos XVI e XVII. Deixando de lado histórias imperiais anteriores que apresentam o Pacífico como um "lago espanhol", concebo um dinâmico Mundo Pacífico Hispano-Asiático que foi forjado por uma miríade de atores na e ao redor da bacia do Pacífico. Em vez de um Pacífico dominado pela longínqua Espanha, minha pesquisa revela um mundo transpacífico que de fato desafiava os esforços imperiais para reivindicá-los, regulá-los ou convertê-los. Estruturo este estudo de acordo com três grandes linhas de investigação: os laços econômicos que fizeram o "laço" asiático-latino-americano, as consequências dos trânsitos humanos e dos intercâmbios culturais ao longo de novas condutas transpacíficas, e as barreiras da distância e da cultura que limitavam o cosmopolitismo e o imperialismo. Para as sociedades da América Latina, esse mundo do Pacífico hispano-asiático lhes proporcionou maior autonomia do que o mundo atlântico. Eles compartilhavam, ao lado de diversos grupos neste mundo marítimo, uma história comum de evasão, de trocas livres e de poderes controlados, pois nenhuma linha de costa, império ou grupo predominava. Em última análise, ao traçar as correntes das interações hispano-asiáticas no mundo do Pacífico, dou uma réplica às teorias da historiografia global que situaram a América Latina na periferia da Europa Ocidental.


Palavras-chave


Idade Moderna; México colonial; Nova Espanha; Filipinas; China; História Transpacífica.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

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Revista Estudos Históricos
Uma publicação do Programa de Pós-Graduação em História, Política e Bens Culturais (PPHPBC) da Escola de Ciências Sociais (CPDOC) da Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV)
 

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