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Economic Growth Channels from Human Capital: A Dynamic Panel Analysis for Brazil

Daniel de Abreu Pereira Uhr, Silvio da Rosa Paula, Mariana Fialho, Marcelo de Oliveira Passos, Julia Gallego Ziero Uhr

Resumo


The purpose of this paper is to test the effect of human capital on Brazilian economic growth through the factor accumulation channel and the total factor productivity channel. We used new human capital measures, covering the period from 1996 to 2015. We used the two-step SYS-GMM method, with standard finite sample error correction and principal components analysis for the control of the proliferation of instruments. The results show that basic and advanced human capital have a positive impact on economic growth through both channels, being the effect of greater magnitude through the factor accumulation channel.


Palavras-chave


Human capital; economic growth; GMM model; dynamic panel data.

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ISSN 0034-7140 (print) ISSN 1806-9134 (online)