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Compromisso, recursos, empreendimento exportador e resultados empresariais

Antonio Navarro-García, Manuel Rey-Moreno, Ramón Barrera-Barrera

Resumo


A presente pesquisa tem dois objetivos. Em primeiro lugar, partindo das premissas da visão baseada em recursos (Resource-based view [RBV]), saber como determinados fatores internos (recursos e compromisso exportador) podem influir no nível de empreendedorismo que a empresa exportadora apresenta nos mercados externos. Em segundo lugar, saber o efeito do empreendedorismo exportador nos resultados empresariais. As relações propostas refletem-se claramente num modelo conceitual que será confirmado a partir de uma amostra multissetorial de 212 empresas exportadoras espanholas. Os resultados revelam que: a) o empreendedorismo exportador depende positivamente do compromisso exportador e dos recursos associados à experiência e à estrutura; b) corrobora-se o efeito positivo que o nível de empreendedorismo exportador gera nos resultados empresariais, sendo recomendável que as empresas exportadoras desenvolvam processos de internacionalização acelerados, com presença em múltiplos países simultaneamente e com alta intensidade exportadora.


Palavras-chave


Empreendedorismo exportador; compromisso exportador; recursos; resultado exportador; mercados exteriores

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-759020170203

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