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The Role of Private Stakeholders in Disaster and Humanitarian Operations

Tharcisio Cotta Fontainha, Patricia de Oliveira Melo, Adriana Leiras

Abstract


The role of private stakeholders in disaster operations goes far beyond the delivery of profits to its shareholders. Disasters and humanitarian operations literature acknowledges the importance of private sector in disaster lifecycle; however, it lacks an analysis of the risks and benefits of each different form of their engagement in such operations (contractual relationships, one-off relationships and CSR - Corporate Social Responsibility partnerships). To address this research gap, a literature review was conducted on papers covering the perspective of private stakeholders when engaging in disaster and humanitarian operations with stakeholders from public and social groups. The results revealed that some challenges are specific from one approach and others are common for all of them. Moreover, despite the increasing of reputation capital and organizational learning being used to motivate CSR approach, they are mentioned as benefits in approaches with lower engagement - contractual and one-off relationship approaches. Thus, the benefits and risks of each approach need to be carefully addressed by scholars and field professionals in order to seek better results from the engagement of private organizations.

Keywords


Stakeholder theory, corporate social responsibility, humanitarian operations, disaster operations, private sector.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12660/joscmv9n1p77-93

Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Operations and Supply Chain Management

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ISSN: 1984-3046

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