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Uberization of labor and capitalist accumulation

David Silva Franco, Deise Luiza da Silva Ferraz

Resumo


The development of the productive forces appropriated by capital, combined with the context of changes on sociocultural relations that encompasses the spheres of production and consumption, has enabled the rise of the phenomenon of uberization of labor, a term derived from the way the company Uber is organized. This phenomenon has usually been associated with the business of so-called sharing economy, and it opens the debate to the specificities of the structuring categories of capitalist accumulation that encompass online labor relations. In this essay, we seek to lay the theoretical basis to advocate for the following argument: the uberization of labor represents a particular capitalist accumulation, by producing a new form of mediation of the subsumption of the worker, which takes on the responsibility for the main means of production in the productive activity. Based on the Marxian theoretical contribution, we draw a critical analysis about the phenomenon of uberization, which is intrinsically related to the innovative forms of management, while, on the other hand, it acts to intensify the work precariousness.


Palavras-chave


Uberization. Capitalist Accumulation. Labor Relations. Precariousness.

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