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dc.contributor.authorHartmann, Dominik
dc.contributor.authorZagato, Lígia Maria de Jesus Cestari
dc.contributor.authorGala, Paulo
dc.contributor.authorPinheiro, Flávio L.
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-22T21:59:04Z
dc.date.available2020-05-22T21:59:04Z
dc.date.issued2020-05
dc.identifier.siciTD 526
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10438/29123
dc.description.abstractDevelopment studies on the middle-income trap have highlighted the challenges for developing economies to transform their productive systems from simple towards high valueadded activities. Here, we use trade data of 116 countries to quantify the stages of productive sophistication and reveal the critical phase that countries encounter at intermediate levels of economic sophistication. Our results reveal that only five countries (i.e. Ireland, Israel, Hungary, Singapore, and South Korea) overcame the gravitation towards simple products and fully transformed their economies towards complex products between 1970 and 2010. They successfully made use of windows of opportunities in the digital and electronics sectors through smart industrial policies that promoted endogenous skills and access to international knowledge sources. In contrast, countries like Brazil or South Africa still struggle with the gravitation towards simple economic activities, social fragmentation, and a lack of coherent industrial policies.eng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofseriesFGV EESP - Textos para Discussão; TD 526
dc.subjectProductive sophisticationeng
dc.subjectProduct spaceeng
dc.subjectIndustrial policieseng
dc.subjectEconomic growtheng
dc.subjectEconomic complexityeng
dc.subjectCatching-upeng
dc.titleWhy did some countries catch-up, while others got stuck in the middle? Stages of productive sophistication and smart industrial policieseng
dc.typeWorking Papereng
dc.subject.areaEconomiapor
dc.contributor.unidadefgvEscolas::EESPpor
dc.subject.bibliodataDesenvolvimento econômicopor
dc.subject.bibliodataPolitica industrialpor
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccesseng


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