Where did inflation targeting matter?
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We investigate the effects of inflation targeting (IT) adoption on industrial economies by comparing each inflation targeter country (ITer) with its synthetic control, defined as the convex combination of non-IT countries that best reproduce the ITer counterfactual inflation trajectory. We show that most of the ITers enjoyed lower inflation and higher output growth than their synthetics in most of the 1990 years’ IT experience. Although those gains could be transitory, they were economically important to justify IT Central Banks optimism with their regime choice, both case-by-case and on average.